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Izet Bajramovic1, Dusko Bjelica2, Dragan Krivokapic2, Slavenko Likic1, Eldin Jeleskovic1, Mijo Curic3, Jovan Vukovic4

1University of Sarajevo, Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
2University of Montenegro, Faculty for Sport and Physical Education, Niksic, Montenegro
3Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Faculty of Kinesiology Osijek, Croatia
4University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, Novi Sad, Serbia

Gender Differences in Physical Activity, Physical Fitness and Well-being of Students During The Lock-Down Due to Covid-19 Pandemic

J. Anthr. Sport Phys. Educ. 2022, 6(1), 21-23 | DOI: 10.26773/jaspe.220104

Abstract

Restricting movement for the population and the impact of preventative measures due to the COVID-19 pandemic have spurred research interests in analyzing the healthy lifestyle of the student population. The aim of the study was to examine gender differences between students in physical activity, and the perceptions of physical fitness and well-being during lock-down due to COVID-19. The sample consisted of male (n=268; 25.9%; age 22.56±2.12) and female students (n=768; 74.1%; age 22.12±1.73) at the University of Sarajevo (UNSA). The questionnaire included questions and scales constructed to measure: physical activity, physical fitness, and the acute effects on well-being. χ² independence test were used to determine gender differences (p<0.05). Prior to the declaration of the COVID-19, there was a significant difference in the level of regular physical activity between male and female students at UNSA (p<.01). The data indicated that at that time 65% of male students were regularly physically active, while 45% of female students had regular physical activity. During the lock-down measures at UNSA: 46% of male and 40% of female students reported being regularly physically active and no significant differences were found in relation to gender (p>.05); 65% of male and 58% of female students reported a decline in physical fitness and significant gender differences were found (p<.05). After exercising male students reported better concentration and mood, more energy and motivation, and less nervousness in the range of 62–79%, while female students reported better concentration and mood, more energy and motivation, and less nervousness in the range of 62-81%. No significant differences were found in the physical activity acute effects on students' well-being in relation to gender (p>.05). Although gender differences in physical activity disappeared during the early phase of COVID-19 and lockdown measures, a more pronounced decrease in physical fitness was present in female students. The reported physical activity had equally positive acute effects on students' well-being.

Keywords

Lock-Down, Active Lifestyle, Physical Exercise



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