1University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria
Exploring associations between psychosocial parameters and quality of life in patients with spinal cord injury
Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) is a devastating condition causing profound life changes for millions of people around the world as it typically causes paralysis, and permanent disability. The aim of this study was to ascertain the quality of life (QoL) of the patients with SCI and to correlate it with psychosocial variables (age, sex, source of income, level of education, independence level, ambulatory status and depression). A cross-sectional survey design was employed with 22 SCI patients constituting the sample size. World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire–BREF and Patient’s Health Questionnaire (PHQ) were the instruments used for data collection. The instruments were administered directly and data was analyzed using descriptive statistics of frequency counts, percentage, mean, standard deviation and Spearman rho correlation statistics. The findings of this study showed that majority of the respondents were male (68.2%) and they were mostly dependent in ambulation (68.2%) with the use of wheelchair as the most common assistive device (85.7%). Their QoL ranged from very poor to average (72.7%) and most of them found it very difficult to move around (59.1%). The physical health domain also had the least score on PHQ (38.36±19.52) and most of them were minimally depressed. There was no significant correlation between QoL and physical function, but there was significant negative correlation between depression and physical function. Conclusively, the findings of this study have shown that recovery of physical function in SCI patients is inversely related with the level of depression experienced.
Quality of life, Depression, Physical function
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