1Faculty for Sport and Physical Education, University of Montenegro, Niksic, 81400, Montenegro
Differences in obesity status among adolescents living in urban and rural areas of the municipality of Pljevlja
Overweight and obesity are one of the biggest challenges today, and they can vary by the type of settlement in which adolescents live. The aim of this study is to assess the general state and differences in obesity status among adolescents by type of settlement. This research included 139 respondents of both genders from urban and rural areas of the municipality of Pljevlja, with an average age of 15.6±0.6. Body Mass Index (BMI), Waist to Height Ratio (WHtR), and body fat (BF) were used to assess obesity status. To assess the difference by type of settlement, the Chisquare test was used with a statistical significance of p≤0.05, and data processing was performed in the statistical program SPSS version 23. According to BMI values, 23.3% of male adolescents were overweight, and 12.3% were obese, while 7.6% of female adolescents were overweight and 3% are obese. By WHtR values, 24.7% of male and 9.1% of female adolescents belonged to the obese group. According to the BF values, female adolescents from rural areas were significantly more overweight than their peers from urban areas (p=0.025), while no differences were found in other variables. When it comes to male adolescents, no differences were found in any variables. The problem of overweight and obesity should be considered in future research, especially in male adolescents.
adolescents, obesity, urban, rural, Pljevlja
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