1University of Sarajevo, Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
2University of Montenegro, Faculty for Sport and Physical Education, Niksic, Montenegro
Differences in the Quality of Movement Functionality between Judokas, Karatekas, and Non-Athletes
Judo and karate are polystructural acyclic sports, which require development of a great number of human abilities and characteristics. Although both are martial arts, they differ greatly in the requirements and quality of performance of individual movements. The aim of this study was to determine the differences in the quality of performing movements between karatekas, judokas and non-athletes. The respondents were 60 young people (14.1 - 14.6 years), 20 of which belonged to the group of "judokas", 20 to the group of "karatekas" and 20 to the group of "non-athletes". All individuals were physically and mentally healthy, and were fit to undergo testing. The sample of variables consisted of 7 tests, which belong to the Functional Movement Screen (FMS) method of testing the movement functionality. By using the ANOVA test, in 4 variables showed up statistically significant difference (p<0.05). Group of non-athletes has the lowest values in all tests, especially in deep squat, active straight-leg raise, and rotary stability. Judokas performed the lowest values in the shoulder mobility test. The main conclusions of this paper are that training content should be specific to sports, and sports (in this case martial arts) have a positive effect on the development of the locomotor system, which could be useful for properly perform basic movements which humans use in everyday life.
Functional Movement Screen, Martial arts, Judo, Karate, Non-athletes
Baghbani, F., Woodhouse, L.J., &Gaeini, A.A. (2016). Dynamic Postural Control in Female Athletes and Non athletes After a Whole-Body Fatigue Protocol. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 30(7), 1942–1947. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001275
Bardenett, S.M., Micca, J.J., DeNoyelles, J.T., Miller, S.D., Jenk, D.T., & Brooks, G.S. (2015). FUNCTIONAL MOVEMENT SCREEN NORMATIVE VALUES AND VALIDITY IN HIGH SCHOOL ATHLETES: CAN THE FMS™ BE USED AS A PREDICTOR OF INJURY?. International journal of sports physical therapy, 10 (3), 303–308.
Bjelica, D., Georgiev, G., & Muratovic, A. (2012). Basic motor abilities of young handball players from Montenegro. Sport Science, 5 (1), 71-76.
Boguszewski, D., Jakubowska, K.L., Adamczyk, J., & Białoszewski, D. (2015). The assessment of movement patterns of children practicing karate using the Functional Movement Screen test. Journal of combat sports and martial arts, 6, 21-26.
Bompa, T. (1999). Periodization: theory and methodology training. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. Butt, D.S. (1987). Personality of the athlete. New York: The psychology of sport. Ciz, I., Štefanovský, M., Matejová, L., & Lopata, P. (2017). Functional movement screening of elite judokas. In M. Chren, K. Péliová, & E. Sulovská (Eds.), Nové vedecké poznatky v gymnastike, tancoch, úpoloch, fitnes a silových športoch (pp. 13–19). Bratislava.
Cook, G., Burton, L., Hoogenboom, B.J., & Voight, M. (2014). Functional movement screening: the use of fundamental movements as an assessment of function - part 1. International journal of sports physical therapy, 9 (3), 396–409.
Cook, G., Burton, L., Hoogenboom, B.J., & Voight, M. (2014a). Functional movement screening: the use of fundamental movements as an assessment of function-part 2. International journal of sports physical therapy, 9 (4), 549–563.
Cosio-Lima, L., Knapik, J.J., Shumway, R., Reynolds, K., Lee, Y., Greska, E., & Hampton, M. (2016). Associations Between Functional Movement Screening, the Y Balance Test, and Injuries in Coast Guard Training. Military medicine, 181 (7), 643–648. https://doi.org/10.7205/MILMED-D-15-00208
Cox, R.H. (1994). Sport psychology: concepts and applications. Dubuque: Brown and Benchmark.
Fuller, J.T., Chalmers, S., Debenedicts T.S., Townsley, S., Lynagh, M., Gleeson, C., Zacharia, A., Thomson, S., & Magarey, M. (2017). High prevalence of dysfunctional, asymmetrical, and paintful movement in elite junior Australian Football players assessed using the Functional Movement Screen. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 20 (2), 134–138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2016.05.003
Janicki, J.J., Switzler, C.L., Hayes, B.T., & Hicks-Little, C.A. (2017). Correlation Between Ankle-Dorsiflexion and Hip-Flexion Range of Motion and the Functional Movement Screen Hurdle-Step Score. Journal of sport rehabilitation, 26 (1), 35–41. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsr.2015-0070
Kajmovic, H., Radjo, I., & Mekic, A. (2011). Judo: Analiza situacijske efikasnosti. Sarajevo: Fakultet sporta i tjelesnog odgoja. Kapo, S. (2012). Karate pronađi svoj put. Sarajevo: Fakultet sporta i tjelesnog odgoja.
Kiesel, K., Plisky, P.J., & Voight, M.L. (2007). Can Serious Injury in Professional Football be Predicted by a Preseason Functional Movement Screen?. North American journal of sports physical therapy, 2 (3), 147–158.
Malacko, J., & Radjo, I. (2004). Tehnologija sporta i sportskog treninga. Sarajevo: Fakultet sporta i tjelesnog odgoja.
Milanovic, D. (2013). Teorija treninga. Zagreb: Kineziološki fakultet. Radjo, I., Kajmovic, H., & Kapo, S. (2001). JUDO. Sarajevo: Fakultet za fizičku kulturu.
Saint-Phard, D., Van Dorsten, B., Marx, R.G., & York, K.A. (1999).Self-perception in Elite collegiate female gymnastics, cross-country runners and trackand- field athletes. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 74 (8), 770-774.
Šimenko, J. (2019). The benefits of Functional Movement Screen in judo. Revista de Artes Marciales Asiáticas, 14(2s), 18-20. https://doi.org/10.18002/rama.v14i2s.5988
Weinberg, D.S., & Gould, D. (1995). Foundations of sport and exercise psychology. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.